In order to adapt deployments of SOA Suite 11g composites to specific environments, configuration plans can be used to rewrite the composite.xml file. These configuration plans can be used during deployment by the Oracle supplied ANT scripts. See for example; http://biemond.blogspot.nl/2009/09/deploy-soa-suite-11g-composite.html on how these ANT scripts can be used to deploy composites.
A configuration plan can be generated from the composite.xml file. See figure 41-1 on http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E14571_01/integration.1111/e10224/sca_lifecycle.htm.
When however using the JDeveloper default generated configuration plan per process, adding new references, WSDL files, XSD files, JCA files, imports, properties, etc requires updating the configuration plan. Maintaining the configuration plans can become quite cumbersome when there are a lot of composites, endpoints and regular changes in environments.
As stated in http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/articles/soa/start-small-luttikhuizen-1502916.html; 'Another best practice is to avoid creating a separate configuration plan per composite per environment.'
This led me to want to create such a common configuration plan file which would be composite independent and thus reusable.
Usually development is done against a development environment. The processes which are under version control have endpoints and properties specific to the development environment. To make a process specific for other environments, the development references are replaced by for example test references.
I generated a standard configuration plan for a process and made it generally usable. I reduced the standard generated configuration plan to the following (of course the http://dev and http://tst should be replaced with your specific environment);
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
This configuration plan works composite independent and replaces all imports, references to endpoints and location references and environment references in all WSDL, XSD and JCA files.
Configuration plans are the recommended option to use for making composites environment specific (http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/articles/soa/start-small-luttikhuizen-1502916.html). Efficient use of configuration plans can greatly reduce the work required per process.
The configuration plan as displayed above does not replace BPEL properties which might also be environment
specific. To achieve replacing of BPEL properties, the properties should
be consistent in name and value among processes. In order to add such
replacement code to the configuration plan, you can add properties to
your BPEL process, generate a configuration plan, adapt the generated code and add the relevant portion to the generic configuration plan.
You should check if using this configuration plan does what is required by validating it in JDeveloper and checking if all required references are replaced. The danger of not having all references replaced is that messages meant for for example the test environment end up on development or even worse; production messages end up in development. Also message definitions can change among environments. If an XSD from a wrong environment is imported, conflicts can arise.
An alternative for using configuration plans is deploying against localhost. Localhost is a reference to the current machine. When developing for example on a standalone machine, localhost refers to that machine. When the process is deployed on a different server, localhost refers to that different machine. This method has several drawbacks however and is thus not recommended. Questions arise when using such a method;
- How to deal with external services? (especially if they differ amongst environments). Using an abstraction to the actual service endpoints (such as a service registry) can help, but you will undoubtedly encounter other similar issues in this category.
- How to deal with load balancing in a clustered environment? Localhost is the current machine so a process initiated on one machine does not initiate processes on the other machines in the cluster and thus load balancing is limited.